•Distribution and Status : India, Pakistan, South-East Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Formosa, Philippines, Australia, China, Hawaii Islands, China and Taiwan.
•Host range : Mango, guava, peach, apricot, cherry, pear, ber, citrus, banana, papaya, avocado, passion fruit, coffee, melons, jack fruit, strawberry.
Symptoms of damage
•Damage is caused by grub only and feed on pulp.
•Maggot bore into semi-ripen fruits with decayed spots and dropping of fruits.
•Oozing of fluid
•Brownish rotten patches on fruits.
Identification of pest
•Larva – Yellowish apodous maggots.
•Adult – Light brown with transparent wing Maggots of fruit fly dropping out of mango fruit
Life cycle of Fruit fly
•Collect fallen infested fruits and dispose them by dumping in a pit
•Provide summer ploughing to expose the pupa
•Monitor the activity of flies with methyl eugenol sex lure traps. •Bait spray – combing any one of the insecticides and molasses or jaggery 10 g/l,
•o malathion 50EC 2 ml/l,
•o dimethoate 30 EC 1 ml/l,
•o carbaryl 50 WP 4 g/l. two rounds at 2 weeks interval before ripening of fruits.
• Field release of natural enemies Opius compensates and Spalangia Philippines